MATH 3380: Multivariable Calculus - 4 Semester Credit Hours
Open All Content Below | Close AllA Multivariable Calculus: Sophomore-Level Calculus
1
Introductory Video
2
Course Introduction
Seems easy, right? Instead of functions of one variable - f(x) - we now study functions of two variables:
How does this change to 2 input variables x,y change the theorems of Calculus? What does the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus look like for f(x,y)? What does it mean to take "the derivative" of f(x,y)? What does it mean to take "the integral" of f(x,y)?
In Multivariable Calculus, the graphics from the computer algebra software really come alive.
In 2D Calculus, the graphs are rather pedestrian, not much above those graphs you can generated on a graphing calculator. In 3D Calculus, the computer graphics become an indispensible part of the investigation - as essential as needing a microscope to do Biology, or beakers and solutions to do Chemistry.
Our Multivariable Calculus course has the following main components:
- Getting Started in LiveMath
- Vectors
- Differentiation in 2 or more variables
- Integration in 2 or more variables
- Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
Course Catalog Listing
Course Description: Applications of differential and integral calculus to vector-valued functions, partial derivative, multiple integrals, vector field analysis, line and surface integrals, Jacobian transformations, Green, Stokes, and Gauss Theorems.
Prerequisite: Calculus II
Detailed Course Syllabus in PDF
3
Multivariable Calculus vs. Calculus III
- Calculus III
The third semester of a 4-credit hour Calculus sequence, as it is in our Distance Calculus program. - Calculus IV
Usually the fourth quarter of a 3-credit hour Calculus sequence. - Vector Calculus
An appropriate title in that we study vector fields and the generalization of the derivative; most textbooks for this course entitled this way, too. - Multivariable Calculus
The most descriptive moniker, encompassing all aspects of Calculus of more than 1 variable.
At some schools, the Multivariable Calculus curriculum is called "Calculus III", with the intention of the higher multivariable calculus topics of vector fields, partial derivatives, multiple integrals, gradients, path integrals, and Gauss/Stokes/Divergence Theorems.
4-credit Semester | 3-credit Semester/Quarters | |
---|---|---|
Calculus I Differentiation + Beginning Integration | Calculus I Differentiation | |
Calculus II Integration Techniques | ||
Calculus II Integration Techniques + Sequences/Series/Taylor's Theorem | ||
Calculus III Sequences, Series, Taylor's Theorem | ||
Multivariable Calculus Vectors, Gradients/Partial Derivatives, Path Integrals, Green/Stokes/Divergence Theorem |
4
Excellent Re-Entry Point to Calculus
If you have completed the Calculus I and Calculus II courses previously (even decades ago), and the concepts of differentiation and integration are remembered at a modest level, then an excellent course to return to the Calculus sequence is via the Multivariable Calculus course.
For the student, Multivariable Calculus is where you usually learn - really learn - the topics from Calculus I and II - not because Multivariable Calculus is harder, but just that you revisit the topics from Calculus I and II, but now looking for how these concepts will generalize from a single variable to multiple variables. It is through this generalization process that many students have the "ah-ha!" moment with the original topics from single variable calculus.
In case you did complete Calculus I and Calculus II previously, but you do not remember the basics of differentiation and integration, then returning to Calculus I or Calculus II is the best plan for success in Multivariable Calculus.
B Typical Students in Multivariable Calculus
5 Example Student Profiles
Case 1: Calculus I Done, Calculus II Done; Marching Forward in Multivariable Calculus
Phew! Getting through Calculus I and Calculus II is an achievement!But if you are a science major, most likely Multivariable Calculus is next on your to-do list.
One indicator of how fast a student can complete Multivariable is the grade earned in Calculus II.
Typical Completion Timelines for MAT 3380 - Multivariable Calculus | ||||
Hours Dedicated | Calculus II Grade | Dedication | Completion Time | Advisory |
---|---|---|---|---|
5-10 hours/week | C,D | 1-2 hours/day | 16 weeks | Reasonable |
7-12 hours/week | C,D | 2-3 hours/day | 14 weeks | Reasonable |
10-15 hours/week | C+,B,B+ | 3-4 hours/day | 10 weeks | Reasonable |
15-20 hours/week | B | 5-6 hours/day | 8 weeks | Stretched |
20-25 hours/week | A | 5-7 hours/day | 6 weeks | Stretched |
25-35 hours/week | A+ | 6-8 hours/day | 4 weeks | World's Record |
Case 2: Undergraduate Science Major
Marco is a undergraduate engineering major, and part of his degree program dictates that he finish Multivariable Calculus. Marco did pretty well in Calculus I and Calculus II. Rather than more lectures/taking notes/Problems 1-99 odd, Marco wants to change things up, and to take the Multivariable Calculus course via Distance Calculus.How fast can Marco complete the Multivariable Calculus course?
The answer to this question depends mostly on when Marco plans to work on the course.
The most successful time for Marco would be during winter, spring, or summer breaks from his regular course load. By modifying his schedule to work on the Multivariable course during these "off times", Marco will be able to concentrate and focus just on the Multivariable Calculus course, and his tendency towards success will increase dramatically.
If Marco must complete the Multivariable Calculus course during the regular semester, as part of the other 3-5 courses he is taking, trying to fit Multivariable Calculus in there will be challenging (although not as challenging as trying to do the same for Calculus II, as it turns out). Here are some timelines for such a plan:
Multivariable Calculus Course Plan With Full Course Load Otherwise | ||||
Hours Dedicated | Calculus II Grade | Dedication | Completion Time | Advisory |
---|---|---|---|---|
9 hours/week | C | 3 hours/day, 3 days/week | 18 weeks | Reasonable |
12 hours/week | C | 3 hours/day, 4 days/week | 14 weeks | Reasonable |
12 hours/week | B | 3 hours/day, 4 days/week | 12 weeks | Reasonable |
15 hours/week | B | 3 hours/day, 5 days/week | 10 weeks | Stretched |
15 hours/week | A | 3 hours/day, 5 days/week | 8 weeks | Stretched |
18 hours/week | A+ | 3 hours/day, 6 days/week | 6 weeks | Ambitious |
Case 3: Returning To Graduate School: Rushed
Karen just got accepted into Graduate School in Economics towards a Ph.D. She has a conditional acceptance, and must finish Multivariable Calculus in a very short time. Karen also works full time.What must Karen do to finish Multivariable Calculus?
The "short time" needs to be on the order of 3-4 weeks for Multivariable Calculus. Anything less is quite impossible. While Multivariable Calculus is a bit easier than Calculus II, the Multivariable Calculus course still has its challenges, and time-on-task will still require a significant time committment with enough rest spots for the concepts to "sink into the brain sponge".
Karen will need to plan for large blocks of time to dedicate towards the course. If shooting for 4 weeks completion, then at least 8-10 hours per day. If shooting for 6 weeks completion, then 6-8 hours per day, every day. It will be a very challenging 4-6 weeks.
Karen should also be ready that the course takes a little longer than the planned 4-5 weeks. Going a week or two over to 6-8 weeks is quite common. Usually graduate schools are quite understanding of the situation of "I'm almost done", and in many cases, the graduate school will give a short extension to aid the student with harsh deadlines.
Karen must understand that even though there are some tough deadlines with this plan, that does not mean that "corners are cut" in the Multivariable course because of these extenuating circumstances. There is only 1 way through the course, and that is the right way.
Case 4: Returning To Graduate School: Methodical
Thomas is applying to Graduate School in Biostatistics towards a Ph.D., and will start in 1 year. Thomas knows she must complete Multivariable Calculus prior to starting that course work (and even before submitting the graduate school application).What will the Multivariable Calculus course look like for Thomas?
Thomas is not in a rush, yet he wants to finish the course methodically, in a timely manner, as quickly as possible. As Thomas is a Ph.D. bound student, he is highly motivation and task-completion oriented. Some timelines for Thomas for Multivariable Calculus might look like this:
Graduate-Bound Student Timelines for MAT 3380 - Multivariable Calculus | ||||
Hours Dedicated | Calculus II Grade | Dedication | Completion Time | Advisory |
---|---|---|---|---|
5-7 hours/week | C | 1-2 hours/day | 18 weeks | Relaxed |
8-12 hours/week | B | 2-3 hours/day | 10 weeks | Reasonable |
10-14 hours/week | B+/A | 3-4 hours/day | 8 weeks | Reasonable |
14-20 hours/week | A | 4-5 hours/day | 6 weeks | Ambitious |
Case 5: Lack of Success in Classroom Multivariable Calculus Course
Mike took Calculus I and Calculus II and did OK in the courses, earning C grades. Then Mike went onto Multivariable Calculus, hoping to improve his grades above the C level. One thing led to another, and Mike didn't succeed in the traditional, classroom Multivariable Calculus course.Mike loathes the thought of returning to the classroom lecture for Multivariable. The lectures were not that much fun going through them the first time, and trying to sit through them a second time will be more than just painful.
Mike wants to change gears, and try something new - taking Multivariable Calculus via Distance Calculus.
Typically, students like Mike will take the course over the summer months, and be able to focus just on the Multivariable Calculus course, without being overwhelmed by multiple courses all vying for Mike's attention.
Mike should plan to take a step back, a deep breath, and engage the course as if starting on a marathon race. Just because Mike "had Multivariable Calculus already", this poor foundational knowledge will not help Mike succeed in this second (and quite different attempt).
Mike would be approaching Multivariable Calculus from a completely different viewpoint than his previous attempt, which certainly goes a long way to minimizing the "review" nature of repeating a course. When going through the new Multivariable Calculus course, all will see things he saw before (e.g. partial derivatives, path integrals, etc.), but completely different types of questions that he probably saw in the classroom/textbook course. An open mind, and genuine academic curiousity to investigate and embrace the new style of work will be required for success.
Mike should plan for a minimum of 12 weeks to engage the course, even during the summer. It will take time for the course concepts and materials to "sink in" and become comfortable.
We have had many students like Mike succeed in Multivariable Calculus where their classroom experience with Multivariable Calculus was a failure. However, we have also had many students like Mike who discover that the reason they didn't succeed in their first attempt at Multivariable Calculus was an indicator that their math skills are not strong, their interest in math is weaker, and their chosen course study plan may need to change upon failure in two different course paradigms.
Case 6: Life After AP Calculus BC Exam
Rebecca is a hot-shot high school student. She has completed AP Calculus BC exam (equivalent to Calculus II), and now she is ready for the next course. Few (if any) high schools offer the course after AP Calculus BC, which is the Multivariable Calculus course.Rebecca will most likely be able to finish the Multivariable Calculus course very quickly with a dedicated effort that is quite natural for her. 6-8 weeks is the common time frame.
However, Rebecca may discover that Multivariable Calculus via Distance Calculus is an adult course, and quite unlike the high school course paradigm that he has been so successful in previous. Some students like Rebecca can find Multivariable Calculus more difficult than they anticipated, and they have to dedicate more time and effort than they had planned to budget for.
While Rebecca can earn collegiate credits for Multivariable Calculus in a similar way that AP Calculus BC would earn, Rebecca would not benefit from the inflated GPA multiplier that AP courses help with high school GPAs.
6 Referenced Colleges/Universities
Below is a list of schools (most recently, from just 2010-2013) that Distance Calculus - Multivariable Calculus students have listed as their Home Institution:
- Armstrong Atlantic State Univeristy
- Belmont University
- Bloomsburg University
- Boston University
- Clemson University
- Cornell University
- California State University, Dominguez Hills
- Denison University
- Drexel University
- Florida International University
- Florida State College, Jacksonville
- Fresno State University
- Gannon University
- Georgia Institute of Technology
- Georgia State University
- Governor's State University
- Hillsdale College
- Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government
- La Sierra University
- Liberty University
- Mercer University
- Missouri University of Science and Technology
- Montana State University
- University of Montana
- New Mexico State University
- Northeastern University
- Oregon State University
- Portland State University
- Rowan University
- San Diego State University
- Santa Fe Community College
- South Dakota School of Mines and Technology
- St. Mary's College of Maryland
- Texas A&M
- Texas Tech University
- The Catholic University of America
- The Citadel, Military College of South Carolina
- The College of St. Scholastica
- The Master's College
- The University of Alabama
- TUI University
- Tulane University
- University of Alabama, Huntsville
- Union University
- United States Air Force Academy
- United States Military Academy
- Univeristy of Puget Sound
- University of Central Florida
- University Of Connecticut
- university of illinois
- University of Kentucky
- University of Massachusetts, Amherst
- University of Minnesota
- University of Missouri, Columbia
- University of Montana
- University of New Orleans
- University of North Dakota
- University of Notre Dame
- University of Pennsylvania
- University of Pittsburgh
- University of Portland
- University of Richmond
- University of Southern California
- University of Texas at Austin
- University of Wyoming
- Utah State University
- Villanova University
- Walla Walla University
- Washing State University
- Webster University
- Westminster College
- William Jewell College
- Yale University
5 Example Curriculum
Videotext - A Modern Replacement of the Textbook
What is a videotext? It is like a textbook, except instead of being based upon printed information, this "text" is based upon video presentations as the core method of explaining the course topics. Instead of a huge, thick 1000-page Calculus textbook to lug around in your backpack, all of this new "videotext" can be loaded into your iPods or iPhones (and soon, the iPad!).Example Videos are in MP4/H.264 format, which play in most modern browsers without additional software. When additional software is required, a backup Flash player will play the video. As a backup to Flash, you may also use iTunes and/or VLC.
Our videotext features two main types of videos:
- Screencast Videos using LiveMath™ Play Demo
Although we are anywhere from a few miles to a few thousand miles apart, watching these screencast videos is like sitting next to the course instructor, watching his computer, learning the topics of Calculus at the same time as learning how to drive the computer algebra and graphing software LiveMath™. These LiveMath™ screencast videos make up the majority of the video presentations in the videotext.
- Screencast Videos using LiveMath™ Play Demo
Although we are anywhere from a few miles to a few thousand miles apart, watching these screencast videos is like sitting next to the course instructor, watching his computer, learning the topics of Calculus at the same time as learning how to drive the computer algebra and graphing software LiveMath™. These LiveMath™ screencast videos make up the majority of the video presentations in the videotext.
6 Screencast Video Questions
If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a screencast movie is worth a million words - and saves boatloads of time and effort.
Instead of trying to type out a math question about a particular topic or homework question, the ease of "turning on the screen recorder" and talking and showing your question - in the span of a few minutes - can save hours of time trying to convert your question into a typed (and coherent) narrative question.
Example Instructor Question/Answer Movie
When a student asks a question in a homework notebook, sometimes the best way to explain the answer is via a screen movie.
- Instructor Question/Answer Movie Play Video
- Instructor Question/Answer Movie Play Video
- Instructor Question/Answer Movie Play Video